In the normal healthy state, fascia is relaxed and wavy in configuration. It has the ability to stretch and move without restriction. When we experience physical trauma, scarring or inflammation, the fascia loses its pliability. It becomes tight, restricted and a source of tension to the rest of the body.
Trauma, such as falls, whiplash, surgery, or habitual poor posture over time and repetitive stress injuries has a cumulative effect. The changes they cause in the fascial system influence comfort and the functioning of our body. The fascia can exert approximately 2,000 pounds per square inch, producing pain or restriction of motion, affecting our flexibility and stability. It is also a determining factor in our ability to withstand stress and strain.
Because fascia permeates all regions of the body and is all interconnected, when it scars and hardens in one area after an injury, inflammation, disease, surgery, etc., it can put tension on adjacent pain-sensitive structures as well as on structures in far-away areas.